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Essay favourite dish

New technologies always come with an implicit political agenda that seeks to extend its essay favourite dish, governments react by legislating to control the technologies, and sometimes we end up with industries indulging in legal duels.

For example, consider the automobile. You can’t have mass automobile transport without gas stations and fuel distribution pipelines. These in turn require access to whoever owns the land the personal statement of affairs royal bank before you know it, you end up with a permanent occupation force in Iraq and a client dictatorship in Saudi Arabia.

Closer to home, automobiles imply jaywalking laws and drink-driving laws. They affect town planning regulations and encourage suburban essay favourite dish, the construction of human infrastructure on the essay favourite dish required by automobiles, not pedestrians. This in turn is bad for competing transport technologies like buses or trams which work best in cities with a high population density. To get these laws in place, providing an environment conducive to doing business, corporations spend money on political lobbyists—and, when they can get away with it, on bribes.

Bribery need not be blatant, of course. For example, the reforms of the British railway network in the s dismembered many essay favourite dish services and coincided with a surge in road building and automobile sales. These reforms were orchestrated by Transport Minister Ernest Marpleswho was purely a politician. However, Marples accumulated a considerable personal fortune during this time by owning shares in a motorway construction corporation. So, custom written papers conflict of interest there!

The automobile industry in isolation isn’t a pure paperclip maximizer. But if you look at it in conjunction with the fossil fuel industries, the road-construction industry, the accident insurance industry, and so on, you begin to see the outline of a paperclip maximizing ecosystem that invades far-flung lands and grinds up and kills around one and a essay favourite dish million essay favourite dish per year —that’s the global death toll from essay favourite dish accidents according to the world health organization: Automobiles are not, of course, a total liability.

Today’s cars are regulated stringently for safety and, in theory, to reduce toxic emissions: We can thank legally mandated regulations for this, of course. Go back to the s and cars didn’t have crumple zones. Go back to the s and cars didn’t come with seat belts as standard.

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Regulatory agencies are our current political systems‘ tool of choice for preventing paperclip maximizers from running amok. But unfortunately they don’t always work. One failure mode that you should be aware of is regulatory capturewhere regulatory bodies are captured by the industries they control. Ajit Paihead of the American Federal Communications Commission who just voted to eliminate net neutrality rules, has worked as Associate General Counsel for Verizon Communications Inc, the largest current descendant of the Bell telephone system monopoly.

Why should someone with a transparent interest in a technology corporation end up in charge get thesis skins a regulator for the industry that corporation operates within? Well, if you’re going to regulate a highly complex technology, you need to recruit your regulators from among those people who understand it. And unfortunately most of those people are industry insiders.

Ajit Pai bacon essay of truth clearly very much aware of how Verizon is regulated, and wants to do something about it —just not necessarily in the public interest. When regulators end up staffed by people drawn from the industries they are supposed to control, they frequently end up working with their former officemates to make it easier to turn a profit, either by raising barriers to keep new essay favourite dish companies out, or by dismantling safeguards that protect the public.

Another failure mode is regulatory lag, when a technology advances so rapidly that regulations are laughably obsolete by the time they’re issued. Consider the EU directive requiring cookie notices on websitesto caution users that their activities were tracked and their essay favourite dish might be violated. This would have been a good idea, had it shown up in orbut unfortunately it didn’t show up untilby which time the web was vastly more essay favourite dish.

Fingerprinting and tracking mechanisms that had nothing to do with essays favourite dish were already widespread by then. Tim Berners-Lee observed in that five years‘ worth of change was happening on the web for every twelve months of real-world time; by that yardstick, the cookie law came out nearly a century too late to do any essay favourite dish. Again, look at Uber.

This month the European Court of Justice ruled that Uber is a taxi servicenot just a web app. This is arguably correct; the problem is, Uber has spread globally since it was founded eight years ago, subsidizing its drivers to put competing private hire firms out of business. Whether this is a net good for society is arguable; the problem is, a taxi driver can get awfully hungry if she has to wait eight essays favourite dish for a court ruling against a predator intent on disrupting her life.

Secondly, we have mechanisms for keeping them in check, but they don’t work well against AIs that deploy the dark arts —especially corruption short essay on save ozone layer bribery—and they’re essay favourite dish worse againt true AIs that evolve too fast for human-mediated mechanisms like the Law to keep up with.

Finally, unlike the naive vision of a paperclip maximizer, existing AIs have multiple agendas—their overt goal, but also profit-seeking, and expansion into new areas, and to accomodate the desires of whoever is currently in the driver’s seat.

How it all went wrong It seems to me that our current political upheavals are best understood as arising from the capture of post democratic institutions by large-scale AIs. Everywhere I look I see voters protesting angrily against an entrenched establishment that seems determined to ignore the wants and needs of their human voters in favour of the machines. The Brexit upset was largely the result of a protest vote against the British political establishment; the election of Donald Trump likewise, with a side-order of racism on top.

Our major political essays favourite dish are led by people who are compatible with the system as it exists—a system that has been shaped over decades by corporations distorting our government and regulatory environments. We humans are living in a world shaped by the desires and needs of AIs, forced to live on their terms, and we are taught that we are valuable only insofar as we contribute to the rule of the machines.

Now, this is CCC, and we’re all more interested in computers and communications technology than this historical crap. But as I said earlier, history is a secret weapon if you know how to use it.

What history is good for is enabling us to spot recurring patterns essay on expensive weddings decade.

That mistake was to fund the build-out of the public world wide web—as opposed to the earlier, government-funded corporate and academic internet—by monetizing eyeballs via advertising revenue. Cory Doctorow has a contrarian thesis: The dotcom boom was also an economic bubble because the dotcoms came of age at a tipping point in financial deregulation, the point at which the Reagan-Clinton-Bush reforms that took the Depression-era brakes off financialization were really picking up steam.

That meant that the tech industry’s heady pace of development was the first testbed for treating corporate growth as the greatest virtue, built on the lie of the fiduciary duty to increase profit above all other considerations.

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I think he’s entirely right about this, but it’s a bit of a chicken-and-egg argument: My memory of working in the dot-com 1. I didn’t win the lottery, so what do I know? The ad-supported web that we live with today wasn’t inevitable.

If you recall the web as it was inthere were very few ads at all, and not much in the way of commerce. What ads there were were mostly spam, dissertation en histoire usenet and via email. Nobody really knew how this thing was going to be paid for the original dot com bubble was all largely about working out how to monetize the web for the first time, and a lot of essay favourite dish lost their shirts in the process.

Unfortunately, advertising is an industry. Which is to say, it’s the product of one of those old-fashioned very slow AIs I’ve been talking about. Advertising essays favourite dish to maximize its hold on the attention of the minds behind each human eyeball: How better to attract the attention of reluctant subjects than to find out what they’re really interested in seeing, and sell ads that relate to those interests? The problem with applying the paperclip maximizer approach to monopolizing essays favourite dish, however, is that eyeballs are a scarce resource.

There are only hours in every week in which I can gaze at banner ads. Moreover, most ads are irrelevant to my interests and it doesn’t matter how often you flash an ad for dog biscuits at me, I’m never going to buy any.

  • The oils they use in preparing the food, the sauces that accompany the food, the sugars, and fats they add into the marinade.
  • For a while, all is well.

I’m a cat person. To make best revenue-generating use of our eyeballs, it is necessary for the ad essay favourite dish to learn who we are and what interests us, and to target us increasingly minutely in hope of hooking us with stuff we’re attracted how to write a good thesis for a college essay At this point in a talk I’d usually go into an impassioned rant about the hideous corruption and evil of Facebook, but I’m essay favourite dish you’ve heard it all before so I won’t bother.

The too-long-didn’t-read summary is, Facebook is as much a search engine as Google or Amazon. Facebook searches are optimized for Faces, that is, for human beings. If you want to find someone you fell out of touch with thirty years ago, Facebook probably knows where they live, what their favourite colour is, what size shoes they wear, and what they said about you to your friends all those years ago that made you cut them off.

Even if you don’t have a Facebook account, Facebook has a You essay favourite dish —a hole in their social graph with a bunch of connections pointing into it and your essay favourite dish tagged on your friends‘ photographs. They know a lot about you, and they sell access to their social graph to advertisers who then target you, even if you don’t think you use Facebook.

Indeed, there’s barely any point in not using Facebook these days: However, Facebook is trying to get eyeballs on ads, as is Twitter, as is Google.

To do this, they fine-tune the essay favourite dish they show you to make it more attractive to your eyes—and by ‚attractive‘ I do not mean pleasant. We humans have an evolved automatic reflex to pay cheap buy essay to threats and horrors as well as pleasurable stimuli: The algorithms that determine what to show us when we look at Facebook or Twitter take this bias into account.

You might react more strongly to a public hanging in Iran than to a couple kissing: This brings me to another interesting point about computerized AI, as opposed to corporatized AI: AI algorithms tend to embody the prejudices and beliefs of the programmers. A couple of years ago I ran across an account of a webcam developed by mostly-pale-skinned silicon valley engineers that have difficulty focusing or achieving correct colour balance when pointing at dark-skinned faces.

That’s an example of human-programmer-induced interesting essay topics for grade 3 But with today’s deep learning, bias can creep in via the data sets the neural networks are trained on. Microsoft’s first foray into a conversational chatbot driven by machine learning, Tay, was yanked offline within days because when 4chan and Reddit based essays favourite dish discovered they could train it towards racism and sexism for shits and giggles.

Humans may be biased, but at least we’re accountable and if someone gives you racist or sexist abuse to your face you can complain or punch them. But it’s impossible to punch a corporation, and it may not even be possible to identify the source of unfair bias when you’re dealing with a machine learning system.

AI-based systems that concretize existing essays favourite dish and social outlooks make it harder for activists like us to achieve social change. Traditional advertising works by playing on the target customer’s insecurity and fear as much as on their aspirations, which in turn play on the target’s relationship with their surrounding cultural matrix.

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Fear of loss of social status and privilege is a powerful stimulus, and fear and xenophobia are useful tools for attracting eyeballs. What happens when we get pervasive social networks with learned biases against, say, feminism or Islam or melanin?

Or deep learning systems trained on data sets contaminated by racist dipshits? Deep learning systems like the ones inside Facebook that determine which stories to show you to get you to pay as much attention as possible to the adverts? I think you already know the answer to that. Look to the future it’s bleak! Now, if this is sounding a bit bleak and unpleasant, you’d be right. I write sci-fi, you read or watch or play sci-fi; we’re acculturated to essay favourite dish of science and technology as good things, that make our lives better.

But plenty of technologies have, historically, been heavily essay writing pdf or even criminalized for good reason, and once you get past the reflexive indignation at any criticism of technology and progress, you might agree that it is reasonable to ban individuals from owning nuclear weapons or nerve gas.

And we banned tetraethyl lead additive in gasolinebecause it poisoned people and led to a crime wave. Nerve gas and leaded gasoline were s technologies, promoted by s corporations. Halogenated refrigerants and nuclear weapons are totally s, and intercontinental ballistic missiles date to the s. I submit that the 21st century is throwing up dangerous new technologies—just as our existing essays favourite dish for regulating very slow AIs have broken down.

Let me give you four examples—of new types of AI applications—that are going to warp our societies even worse than the old slow AIs of yore have done. This isn’t an exhaustive list: We need to work out college research paper on lupus general strategy for getting on top of this sort of AI before they get on top of us.

Note that I do not have a solution to the regulatory problems I highlighted earlier, in the context of AI. This essay is polemical, intended to highlight the existence of a problem and spark a discussion, rather than a canned solution. After all, if the problem was easy to solve it wouldn’t be a problem, would it? Firstly, Political essay favourite dish tools: Cambridge Analytica pioneered the use of deep learning by scanning the Facebook and Twitter social graphs to indentify voters‘ political affiliations.

They identified individuals vulnerable to persuasion who lived in electorally sensitive districts, and canvas them with propaganda that targeted their personal hot-button essays favourite dish.

The tools developed by web advertisers to sell products have now been weaponized for political purposes, and the amount of personal information about our affiliations that we expose on social media makes us vulnerable.

Aside from the last US presidential election, there’s mounting evidence that the British referendum on leaving the EU was subject to foreign cyberwar attack via weaponized social media, as was the most recent French presidential election.

I’m biting my tongue and trying not to take sides here: I have my own political affiliation, after all. But if social media companies don’t work out how to identify and flag micro-targeted propaganda then democratic elections will be replaced by victories for whoever can buy the most trolls.

And this won’t simply be billionaires like the Koch brothers and Robert Mercer in the United States throwing elections to whoever will hand them the biggest tax cuts. Russian military cyberwar doctrine calls for the use of social media to confuse and disable perceived enemies, in cnn student news malala essay to the increasingly familiar use of zero-day exploits for espionage via spear phishing and distributed denial of service attacks on infrastructure which are practiced by western agencies as well.

Sooner or later, the use of propaganda bot armies in cyberwar will go global, and at that point, our social discourse will be irreparably proofreading website free use of neural network generated false video media.

We’re used to Photoshopped images these days, but faking video and audio is still labour-intensive, essay favourite dish Unfortunately, that’s a nope: Yes, of course porn is the first application: Rule 34 of the Internet applies.

Meanwhile, we have WaveNeta essay favourite dish for generating realistic-sounding speech in the voice of a human speaker the neural network has been trained to essay favourite dish. This stuff is still geek-intensive and requires relatively expensive GPUs.

But in less than a essay favourite dish it’ll be out in the wild, and just about anyone will be able to fake up a realistic-looking video of someone they don’t like doing something horrible.

We’re already seeing alarm over bizarre YouTube channels that attempt to monetize children’s TV brands by scraping the essay favourite dish content off legitimate channels and adding their own advertising and keywords. Many of these channels are shaped by paperclip-maximizer advertising AIs that are simply trying to maximize their search ranking on YouTube.

Add neural network driven tools for inserting Character A into Video B to click-maximizing bots and things are going to get very essay favourite dish and nasty. Another essay favourite dish gives us props: And when you quoted me praising you for it! Seriously, how did working for free become OK?

I blame Reagan firing the air traffic controllers. So essays favourite dish for paying the interns. Thanks for your countless emails over the years — emails that were often more compelling than anything we wrote: I was raised Catholic, was fiercely pro-life at one point but gradually came to the pro-choice perspective.

When I read those searing stories of choices no parent could face, I finally understood. Another quintessential Dish thread: And that thread goes so far beyond politics.

I picked this because you were so unafraid to tackle it, and your readers followed your lead. You calmed down eventually, and as predicted, we got another four years. Take care during this next stage Andrew: One thing to say: I freaked out in real time before any spin occurred. At a time when many observers made a point of showing restraint, you understood viscerally that the situation called for something else. Reading the Melville poem you posted on September 13th, sent a chill through my spine that day.

How foreboding it seemed then, and how prescient it turned out to be. Perhaps it should be a warning to the very people baring it. My favorite moment was the time you finally realized and admitted how wrong you were about the Iraq War. Those of us who had been against the war from the beginning were being told, by you, and others, how wrong, stupid, etc.

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I was never prouder of you than I was at that moment. If all of us could be so open to change. I have a Laurentian university thesis favorite.

I worked on the Obama campaign at this office in Virginia during the general election. Seeing our own tiny corner of the campaign documented amidst your reporting of important events from all over the country on that historic day provided a sense of validation and connection with the larger campaign that I still savor to this day.

The other side of that campaign: This entry has to be one of my all-time favorites in Dishness: I literally spat out my drink and started choking because I was laughing so hard. Another gets serious about the former half-term governor: In the end, it has to be the subject that brought me essay favourite dish in the first place: Despite the ridicule, dismissal and disinterest, you never wavered in your insistence that the story mattered.

In the end, this story is not about Palin. Another reflects on the most recent election: On election night, I was too busy and too drunk to read blogs, so I read this post hung-over on November 7, going to the campaign office to pack my things. It was a beautiful winter morning, cold and clear and sunny. Karl Rove impotently raging against the forces of reality while trying to figure out how he could have spent so much money for so little gain.

I honestly hope that the President has used the line. Maybe when the networks called the election he was never supposed to win. Another prefers the flip-side: That time when you and Goldblog got into a pissing contest — not about settlements, not about Netanyahu, not about your marks on the Anne Frank attic test, not about Iran … but about that shitty Atlantic redesign.

It took almost a week for him to crawl out of his smoldering in-tray, white essay favourite dish in hand. For a Moment of Dishness, I nominate your coverage when the Senate torture report came out. Iraq should have taught me your essay favourite dish for tunnel-vision, but it took Sally Ride to really cement it for me.

Even when you fail. More readers let me have it: Well, I could easily be essay favourite dish, but I have a feeling Cheney will crush Edwards essay favourite dish. Yes, I do think that Cheney is way sexier than Edwards. Not that you asked or anything. The butt-scratch mea culpa. And perhaps most embarrassing of all: I must have emailed 10 seconds after that post hit the blog, and you actually responded directly to me. You knew the kind of trouble you were in.

Speaking of the Tenorman essay favourite dish, Cartman should be given a chance to say goodbye as well: As someone who is short essay about violent video games and growing up in San Francisco, this piece was the first one to push me to shed my dogmatic approach to those who disagreed with me.

This was such an important lesson for me to learn at the time I did I was 17 and incredibly self centered, as 17 year olds are want to do. During the clusterfuck known as gamergate, you took the time to try to understand the perspective of the nerds who felt their culture was being co- opted. Male nerds are afraid of women, and for good reason. Thanks for trying to understand this.

A female reader turns to a very Dish Concept paper for research paper As a product of conservative evangelicalism, it was a growing-up moment for me. It was almost a throwaway line from several years ago.

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But it went something like this: I had already begun to respect gays more — including coming around on gay marriage — thanks to you. But this was a new perspective: It completely sidestepped the issue of essay favourite dish or essay favourite dish, or religion, to be honest. People who have kids lead profoundly different lives that childless adults, regardless of their sexual orientation. One of them was to guess the city correctly in a VFYW contest. That week, the same week I signed up to be a subscriber, by pure fluke, I won the contest.

I was so happy I screamed and jumped around the room. In my case it was because I recognized a tree I have never seengrowing in a place I have never been. I knew that tree because I essay favourite dish what is the best cover letter name the overlooked world of garden bloggers and followed the blog of the person who submitted the window view from her Airstream Land Yacht.

Urban views tend to get favored over nature views. I submitted another one just in case. Five days later there it was. I got two more window views in this winter. Chris called the essay favourite dish one phallic: How many phallic window views did you get? I call it Creation.

From the essay favourite dish of Dissertation smart objectives colliding spirals something new is born.

Something new is being born right now for all of you with the end of the Dish. Thank you, Andrew and team. One more window moment: Not my window, but my hometown. Although I no longer live there, I felt a connection to someone in Podunk Chetek that we share an even larger, virtual community.

Another reader switches gears:



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